Living a nomadic life is the oldest way of human life, which in the course of many years, this lifestyle has been considered as one of the biggest attractions of today’s technological era. Indeed, adherence to the traditions and customs and making efforts to preserve them, this lifestyle has become increasingly attractive in tourism industry for centuries. In this article of Parsi Tours, Iranian travel agency, we will dive into the beauties of the Iranian tribes lifestyle.
Particular features of Iran Nomads, including their language, music, local foods, handicrafts, local clothes, local dances, special rituals, residence are all highly respected due to their uniqueness. Moreover, the most significant characteristics of nomads in Iran is truly their way of life that unlike the rural settlers, they are constantly moving their herds and tents.
Geographically, Iran is one of the remarkable regions in the world which hosts numerous tribes in different parts. In north, northeast and northwest, west, southwest, south, east and southeast and finally central part of Iran, dispersal of nomads could easily be seen, leading to nomadic life and nomadic economy based on appropriate location as well as conditions of natural geography. Kurds, Bakhtiaris, Lurs, Gilaks, Baluchs. Arabs, Qashqai, Turkmen, Shahsevan, Afshar and etc. are Iran nomads, which the largest tribal groups are Kurds, living in Kurdistan and northern Zagros region, following with the Lurs and Bakhtiari in the southern Zagros regions, the Qashqai in Fars, the Turkmen in northeast and the Baluch in southeast.
Qashqai, the famous nomad of Iran is mostly Turkish-speaking tribe with the main center of life in Fars, connects the Isfahan region to the Persian Gulf with its long-term migration.
Bakhtiari, is one of the oldest and the most original Iraninan tribes that is also one of the largest nomads, includes Chaharmahal Bakhtiari, Kohkiloyeh and Boyer Ahmad, Isfahan, Fars, Lorestan and Khuzestan.
Kurd, with its great importance dissipate from northern Zagros to west Azerbaijan, Kurdistan and Kermanshah. With significant cultural history such as language, poems, dance, music and precious customs, Kurd nomads enjoys from a long history in the land of Iran.
Baluch, the nomads of far south-east part of Iran, the Mokran region, and far West Pakistan, which is a desert region. They have a special dialect known as Baluchi with mostly believe in Sunni Islam.
Arab, mostly live in Khuzestan province and other parts of south of Iran in Fars, Hormozgan, Bushehr and coast of Persian Gulf.
Lurs, is divided into Lurs and Laks who scatter at the Lorestan, Kermanshah, Ilam, Chharmahal Bkhtiari, Bushehr and Fars.
Shahsevan, is the biggest nomads of Azerbaijan that mostly live in Moghan plain, Meshkinshahr and slopes of Sabalan Mountain.
Afshar is another nomad who are scattered in Iran, Turkey and Azerbaijan republic. However, the main center of their residence is in west Azerbaijan, Zanjan, Khorasan, Kerman and Fars.