Shahzadeh Mahan Historical Garden in Kerman is one of the most stunning and beautiful attractions in Kerman, Iran. This amazing and picturesque garden, like a paradise nestled in the heart of the desert city of Kerman, has significantly boosted the tourism industry in Iran and Kerman. It is a historic site and a national heritage, not only registered by UNESCO but also introduced in 35 living languages worldwide. Kerman is brimming with incredible sights and historical buildings, but Shahzadeh Mahan Historical Garden is undoubtedly a must-visit tourist attraction under any circumstances. In this article of Parsi Tours, an iranian travel agency, we’ll cover everything you need to know about this beautiful oasis in the desert.
Introduction to Shahzadeh Mahan Historical Garden in Kerman
Shazdeh Garden is a historical structure and garden near the city of Kerman, Iran. The path to the garden is known today as the Kerman-Bam road but was once part of the Silk Road. The garden’s popularity stems from its lush greenery amidst the desert, creating a stunning contrast when viewed from above. Its beauty has earned it a place among the most beautiful gardens in the country and on the UNESCO site.
The garden, covering 5.5 hectares, is a prime example of flat-style Persian gardens from the Qajar era. It measures 402 meters in length and 122 meters in width. What sets this garden apart from others is its extensive use of water features and fountains throughout.
Water Features of Shahzadeh Mahan Historical Garden
One of the most notable aspects of the Shahzadeh Mahan Historical Garden is its elaborate water system, which includes fountains, waterfalls, and channels. This system is ingeniously designed to make the most of the region’s limited water resources.
The abundance of pools and water features in Shahzadeh Mahan Historical Garden ensures a fresh and cool atmosphere. Stepping into this garden from the hot, desert city feels like entering paradise. The water for these features comes from qanats and the Tigran River, creating a pleasant sound of water year-round.
History of Shahzadeh Mahan Historical Garden
Initially, the garden was commissioned by Mohammad Hasan Khan Sardar, known as Khan Baba Sardar, a governor of Yazd and Kerman during the reign of Naser al-Din Shah Qajar. The internal structures of the garden were not built at that time. Other buildings commissioned by Khan Baba Sardar in Kerman include the Ganjali Khan Complex. After Khan Baba Sardar, the government of Kerman passed to Abdul Hamid Mirza Naser al-Dowleh, who ordered the construction of the garden’s internal buildings, which took about 11 years to complete. Unfortunately, the garden’s main entrance remains unfinished due to the sudden death of the ruler.
Architecture of Shahzadeh Mahan Historical Garden
The garden exemplifies the traditional Persian garden style, which is characterized by its rectangular shape, a central pavilion, and a sophisticated irrigation system. The garden is divided into various sections, each with its own unique plantings and architectural features.
The construction of Shahzadeh Mahan Historical Garden in Kerman took 11 years, reflecting the architectural style of the Qajar era. The garden includes a two-story entrance, a royal mansion, the main building, a private garden, and a bathhouse. The garden’s entrance, resembling a beautiful frame, captures the entire beauty of the garden. The main building, which includes the royal mansion, was once a resting and recreational place for rulers but has now been converted into a restaurant, retaining its external appearance.
A private section of the garden was designed for the residents to wander in solitude. Behind the main building is a complex hallway leading to the bathhouse of the mansion.
Shahzadeh Mahan Historical Garden is not just a masterpiece of Persian landscaping; it also represents the cultural and artistic achievements of Iran during the Qajar era. The garden is a symbol of the sophisticated aesthetic and engineering capabilities of its creators.
Visit Timings and Ticket Prices for Shazdeh Garden
Shahzadeh Mahan Historical Garden in Kerman is a paradise in the desert city, offering pleasant weather most of the year. The best season to visit is spring when the trees are at their greenest. The combination of spring scents and the sound of water creates unforgettable memories.
The garden is open daily, except on mourning days, from 9 AM to 7 PM. Ticket prices may vary depending on holidays and events, so it’s best to check at the ticket booth. The cost is significantly lower for Iranian citizens compared to foreign tourists.
Attractions and Recreational Facilities at Shazdeh Garden
One of the best places in Kerman to buy souvenirs and handicrafts is the traditional market inside Shahzadeh Mahan Historical Garden. The garden also offers restaurants, cafes, and special resting pavilions. Additionally, there’s an accommodation facility within the garden, providing a unique experience of staying in one of Iran’s most beautiful gardens. If the accommodation is full, there are many hotels nearby.
Shazdeh Garden’s Global Recognition
In 2011, Shahzadeh Mahan Historical Garden was registered as the 13th Iran’s UNESCO World Heritage Site, marking its global significance. It’s not only one of Iran’s largest tourist attractions but also one of its most beautiful flat gardens. UNESCO has introduced this garden in 35 languages, emphasizing its importance.
Today, the garden is a popular tourist destination, attracting visitors who are interested in Persian history, architecture, and gardening. Shahzadeh Mahan Historical Garden, with its historical and aesthetic significance, serves not only as a tourist attraction but also as a vibrant cultural hub in the Kerman region of Iran. Throughout the year, it hosts various cultural events and festivals, offering a window into the rich traditions and customs of the area.
The Iranian government and various international organizations have undertaken efforts to preserve and maintain the garden, ensuring that this historical site remains intact for future generations.
Final Thoughts on Shahzadeh Mahan Historical Garden
This article has explored Shazdeh Garden, one of the nine Persian gardens registered by UNESCO. It’s one of the most beautiful, largest, and amazing historical sites in Kerman and all of Iran. Its significance is such that it has been recognized as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO and introduced in 35 languages. Many travelers from around the world visit Kerman just to see Shazdeh Garden. If you have visited the Shazdeh Garden, share your experiences with us in the comments section below.
Frequently Asked Questions
Where is Shahzadeh Mahan Historical Garden located?
Shazdeh Garden is situated 2 kilometers from Kerman on the Kerman-Bam Road.
What recreational facilities are available at Shazdeh Garden?
The garden offers various facilities like restaurants, cafes, a handicraft market, and pavilions.
How old is Shazdeh Garden?
Shazdeh Garden dates back to the Qajar era. For more on its history, refer to this article.